Community composition and functions of endophytic bacteria of Bt maize

  • Rasheed A. Adeleke 1 Microbiology and Environmental Biotechnology Research Group, Agricultural Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa 2 Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8974-422X
  • Asnath R. Mashiane 1 Microbiology and Environmental Biotechnology Research Group, Agricultural Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa 2 Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
  • Carlos C. Bezuidenhout Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6047-4991
  • George Chirima Center for African Ecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Keywords: endophytes, nitrogen fixation, phosphate solubilisation, antifungal activity, transgenic (Bt) maize

Abstract

We investigated the potential effects of genetic modification of Bt maize on the community composition and functions of bacterial endophytes associated with transgenic maize (Bt MON 810) in comparison with its isogenic parental line at two developmental stages. Bacterial isolates were obtained from transgenic (Bt) and non-transgenic (non-Bt) maize at 50- and 90-day-old developmental stages. Isolated bacterial endophytes were screened for their capabilities in phosphate solubilisation, nitrogen fixation, production of antifungal metabolites and production of indole acetic acid. After molecular identification, 60 isolates were obtained and clustered into 19 and 18 operational taxonomic units from 50- and 90-day-old maize, respectively. The isolates belonged to the genera Bacillus, Pantoea, Serratia, Yersinia, Enterobacter, Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter and Stenotrophomonas. Functional attributes and diversity of the isolated endophytes at both developmental stages were not significantly different for both maize varieties. However, functional attributes were significantly affected by plant growth stage. Isolates from younger plants were more efficient producers of indole acetic acid, but exhibited little or no capabilities for nitrogen fixation, phosphate solubilisation and antifungal activity in both maize genotypes. Based on these outcomes, Bt modification in maize does not seem to affect the community composition or functional attributes of bacterial endophytes.
Significance:
• Bt modification in maize does not affect the ecological guild or functional attributes of cultivable bacterial endophytes.

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Published
2018-07-30