Emerging potato pathogens affecting food security in southern Africa: Recent research

  • Jacquie E. van der Waals 1.Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa; 2.Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5737-6277
  • Kerstin Krüger 1.Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa; 2.Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6357-1589
Keywords: potato, late blight, bacterial wilt, soft rot, powdery scab

Abstract

Potato is a staple crop that contributes to food security and poverty alleviation in developing nations. Despite this, yields in developing nations are often unsustainably low, due to various biotic and abiotic factors that negatively affect production. Some of the most important biotic constraints are pathogens, many of which are disseminated by seed tubers. The lack of functional or formal seed certification systems in many southern African countries results in a continual increase in pathogen pressure. Short rotation cycles, poor plant nutrition and inefficient control measures exacerbate the crop production challenges faced by resource poor growers. In this review, we discuss five of the most important diseases on potatoes in southern Africa, namely late blight, bacterial wilt, soft rot / blackleg, powdery scab and zebra chip. Management options for small-scale growers are provided.

Significance:

  • Potato production in southern Africa is threatened by tuber-borne pathogens.
  • Establishment and implementation of seed certification systems in southern African countries will increase potato yields and subsequently contribute to food security.
  • Late blight, bacterial wilt, soft rot / blackleg and powdery scab are important emerging diseases on potatoes in southern Africa.
  • Improved understanding of the biology of pathogens and the epidemiology of diseases will contributeto the management thereof.
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Published
2020-11-26